Friday, May 22, 2020

Relationship Between Vivian And Molly - 1125 Words

In any genuine friendship there are the differences between the people that spark curiosity, yet, it is similarities that draw two together to form a tight bond. This is evident in the friendship that starts between Vivian and Molly. Vivian, from outward show, does not display the slightest similarity with Molly. It is not until one examines the often tragic back stories of both that striking parallels begin to be made clear. By the time all is uncovered, the likenesses shared between Vivian and Molly far outweigh any disparities. In examining the relationship between Vivian and Molly, a perfect balance is struck in Orphan Train by Christina Baker Kline. In Orphan Train, Christina Baker Kline weaves a strong friendship between two characters, Vivian and Molly, despite a lengthy list of differences. The most blatant contrast, and the root cause of many other differences, is age and the separate eras both Vivian and Molly grow up in. In the span of her life, Vivian Nielsen, a ninety-one year old widow, experiences the Great Depression, World War II, and a technology boom impossible to keep up with. On the other hand, Molly Ayer is a sixteen year old tech-savvy foster child who uses â€Å"her Goth persona like armor† against an unsympathetic society (Kline 4). Another dissimilarity is ethnicity. Vivian is a first generation Irish immigrant and in being a Penobscot Native American Indian, Molly is unable to be more different than Vivian. While these differences seem apparent, the

Friday, May 8, 2020

Racism And Racial Profiling And Prejudice - 1827 Words

The words â€Å"Boong†, â€Å"Abo† or â€Å"Coon† are what people called me a million times a day, every day in my entire 15 years of life. It doesn’t matter where I am; who I’m with; what I do, people will still call me with those words instead of my name. I do not say that I am ashamed of my culture or who I am but I just get tired of how society, giving and calling me by the labels, the labels built from their own stereotypes and racial discriminations. And here’s how my life has been filled with racism and discriminations. As every other day, I woke up with the worries of how my day going to be. Full fills with discriminations and stereotypes? Or being the victims of every other kid’s racist jokes? There are thousands of negative thoughts popping†¦show more content†¦My hair? My face? I couldn’t think of any reasonable reasons. â€Å"Oi, Abo why are you still roaming here? Get back to your jungle.† A penetrating voice spoke up, no need to look for who it is, I still can manage to figure out that voice. It is Brett’s voice, the voice that always started my day with all of the prejudiced comments. He also was the first one that started the jokes on me and yes it flowing along well to other kids. I never hated someone voice as much as I do with this brat, Brett. I ignored his sentence and keep on with my silent because I know once I reply back, they will start to laugh at my voice and will keep go on with all the negative comments that they thought it is funny. So sile nt is the best way that I chose to responses to them. They were about to says something but the bus has come. Everyone was entering the bus and as usual I was the last one to enter. I went straight to the back seat as it where I belong. It took roughly another ten minutes to arrive at school, I patiently stare out the windows waiting for the miracle to happens, helps to lead me find a way out of this racist society. After a few thoughts, I finally I arrive to school. Everyone may believe school is the one of the safest place that you can realises on beside home but it totally opposite for me. It just not where I feels unwelcomed but also where I received the traumatised bullying and comments. Not many teachers know about my story because they have never witness the bulliesShow MoreRelatedRacism And Prejudice : Racial Profiling1078 Words   |  5 PagesRacism and Prejudice Inflicted black communities since segregation and is still continues in today’s 21st century. The past a nd present assure us that history once again repeat itself with no difference. Americans has become divided to an expectation of what an American is. It seems that there has not been any solution to racial profiling. Unconsciously criminal’s assumptions are being beaten, violated, and murder over the decades. According to Thandisiwe Chimurenga, NO DOUBT THE MURDER OF OSCARRead MoreRacial Profiling : The United States Essay1326 Words   |  6 PagesRacial Profiling The United States of America, a country founded on diversity, remains ingrained with hypocritical ideas with respect to its very foundations of freedom and independence. America shows no mercy in the prejudice actions towards its minorities. The United States of America contributes greatly towards the injustice of minorities and giving privilege towards its â€Å"native† people yet not all â€Å"natives† are greatly loved in the country as Neil Foley, author of Becoming Hispanic: MexicanRead MoreRacism : A Deeply Ingrained Problem1114 Words   |  5 PagesRacism is a deeply ingrained problem in our social systems. Even though we publicly denounce racism, it still continues to be an issue in our everyday lives. We choose to be ignorant of racism s influence until we see people affected by it on the news or in person. Even then, rarely do we choose to act upon what we see. The United States may have come a long way to completing Martin Luther King Jr s dream, but o ur biases are still a prominent issue today. In this country every race and everyRead MoreHow Racism Became A Problem Today1123 Words   |  5 PagesJae Xiong How Racism Became a Problem Today Racism is a deeply ingrained problem in our social systems. Even though we publicly denounce racism, it still continues to be an issue in our everyday lives. We choose to be ignorant of racism s influence until we see people affected by it on the news or in person. Even then, rarely do we choose to act upon what we see. The United States may have come a long way to completing Martin Luther King Jr s dream, but our biases are still a prominent issueRead MoreShould Racial Slurs Be Banned From Society?847 Words   |  4 PagesShould Racial Slurs be Banned from Society? Racial slurs have grown within American history as our society has developed into one of the greatest superpowers of the world. As a nation, America has fought several internal and external wars to advance into a free country and attain the rights it now holds. These rights, or moral principles, were established to protect the residents inhabiting each state. Countless rules of regulation against racism have been enforced by Congress beginning from theRead MoreThe Minorities Vs. Entertainment War Essay882 Words   |  4 Pagesis a battle between ethnicities and the entertainment companies that is transparent to the naked eye in the 21st century, the argument I plan to use is: the media and film industries are required to portray each minority fairly without racially profiling any ethnicity but does not stay accountable to their word and actions. Throughout the generation, entertainment has been an activity which provides diversion and permits people to amuse themselves in their leis ure time, provide fun, enjoyment, andRead MoreThe Minorities Vs. Entertainment War868 Words   |  4 Pagesis a battle between ethnicities and the entertainment companies that is transparent to the naked eye in the 21st century, the argument I plan to use is: the media and film industries are required to portray each minority fairly without racially profiling any ethnicity but turns a blind side to the current situation. Throughout the generation, entertainment has been an activity which provides diversion and permits people to amuse themselves in their leisure time, provide fun, enjoyment, and laughterRead MoreRace And Ethnicity : Race866 Words   |  4 Pages such as the religious, scientific, or social aspects of it. Racism has existed throughout human history. It is defined as the belief that a particular race possesses characteristics that are specific to that race, and that a certain race is superior or inferior to another. An example of racism is racial profiling, which has been significant issue that plagues our society, especially during the wake of recent events. Racial profiling involves law enforcement officials targeting certain individualsRead MoreSociological Theories Of Prejudice And Racism1645 Words   |  7 PagesSociological Theories of Prejudice and Racism Functionalist theory argues for race and ethnic relations to be functional and thus supply to the melodic conduct and strength of society, racial and ethnic minorities must assimilate into that society. Assimilation is a process by which a minority becomes socially, economically, and culturally absorbed within the dominant society. The assimilation perspective assumes that to become fully fledged members of society, alternative groups must adopt as muchRead MoreRacial Discrimination Against Minorities Within The American Workforce Essay1677 Words   |  7 PagesRacial discrimination against minorities within the American workforce is evident. Structural racism is the cause of why qualified minorities lacking opportunities, while lesser-qualified White-Americans are hired. This paper will discuss what structural racism is, how it plays into racial discrimination against qualifieded minorities, what can be done to prevent further racial profiling, and briefly touch on the adverse effe cts racial prejudice has on the economy. Keywords: structural racism, qualified

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Syllabus for African Dance Free Essays

Syllabus for African Dance MPADE-UE 1542. 002 Spring 2013 Contact hours: Wednesday, 1:30-3:30pm, studio 304 Education building Department of Music and Performing Arts Professions, Program in Dance Education New York University Instructor: Alfdaniels Mabingo Phone: 917-679-8119 E-mail: alfmab@gmail. com Consultation: By appointment —————————————– A survey course in East African dance with accompanying songs, music, and cultural contexts in which these dances originate. We will write a custom essay sample on Syllabus for African Dance or any similar topic only for you Order Now The course specifically offers knowledge and performance skills of traditional dance forms East Africa and methods for teaching these dances. It offers critical analysis of how these dances interact with cultural, social, occupational, and religious aspects that contribute to creating them. Besides critical understanding and performance of these dances, the course equips students with skills to perform the music that accompanies them. Learning outcomes 1. Students will demonstrate proficiency in performing ethnic dances from selected cultures in East Africa. 2. Students will learn and perform vocal and instrumental music that accompanies ethnic dances from cultures in Uganda. 3. Students will demonstrate techniques and methods of teaching ethnic dances from Ugandan cultures. 4. Students will acquire fundamental knowledge into critical analysis of how dances in East Africa interact with cultural aspects that participate in creating them. 5. Students will learn various techniques that are related to performance of various ethnic dances from cultures in Uganda. Students are expected to: a. Finish and present the assignments within the stipulated time. b. Actively participate in practical sessions and class discussion. Focus of selected readings and visual recordings ) Understanding the author’s message and use it as a point of departure for supplementary inquiries b) Establishing connections between the readings and visual recordings and the student’s class/practical experience c) Inspire students to learn the various dances Other important readings Adinku, W. O. (1995). African Dance Education in Ghana, Ghana, Accra: Universities Press. Aduonum, M. (2011). West African Dance in the United States University Curriculum, LAP Lambert Academic Publishing Nannyonga-Tamusuza, S. (2005. Baakisimba: Gender in Music and Dance of the Baganda People of Uganda. London and New York: Routledge. Tieron, A. (1992). Doople: Eternal Law of African Dance – Choreography Dance Studies, New York: Routledge * * Welsh, A. K. (1996). African Dance: An Artistic, Historical and Philosophical Inquiry, Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press. Welsh, A. K. (2003). Umfundalai: An African Dance Technique, Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press Policies: * Assignment Formats: All assignments must be typewritten with at least a normal 12 pt font and double-spaced. Use a header and page numbers. Please hand in hard copies of assignments without folders. Do not email them; Emailed copies will not be accepted. * Attendance: You are expected to attend every session of the course. One excused absence is permitted with a doctor’s note or other acceptable evidence. If you are going to be absent please send an email to the instructor. Additional absences will decrease the cumulative grade by one letter grade increment. An unexcused absence will decrease the cumulative grade by one letter grade increment. Please make arrangements with a peer to collect course materials for you and contact the peer after the session for updates on the session activities and assignments. Late arrivals/Early departures: Being on time and staying throughout the duration of the course is to be expected. Three late arrivals, three early departures, or any three combinations of late arrivals and/or early departures to/from class will equate to an absence. A late arrival or early departure of more than 15 minutes will be counted as an absence. * Late Assignm ents: Late assignments are reduced in letter grade increment. Assignments may be handed in up to one week late. Late assignments may not receive significant feedback. Any assignments that are not complete at this time (one week late) will not receive a grade and will negatively affect your cumulative course grade. * Assignments Class attendance and participation20% Midterm paper25% Midterm performance25% Final performance30% Note: See the rubric for details about the requirements for each area of assignment * Grading: Letter Grade| Number Grade| Legend| A| 94-100| Exceptional| A-| 90-93| Excellent| B+| 87-89| Extremely Good| B| 84-86| Very Good| B-| 80-83| Good| C+| 77-79| Satisfactory| C| 74-76| Satisfactory| C-| 70-73| Nearing Satisfactory| D+| 67-69| Minimum Passing Grade| D| 65-66| Minimum Passing Grade| F| 0-64| Failure| * Incomplete Grading: Incomplete grades are not a grading option. Under exceptional circumstances, such as those with a serious illness or other emergency, and at the discretion of the course instructor, an incomplete grade may be granted, based on the student’s performance throughout the course of the semester. * E-mail Communication with Instructor(s): Please keep your e-mails as succinct as possible. If you predict you will need to write more than one paragraph, it is an indication that you probably need to schedule a meeting rather than writing an e-mail. Special Accommodations: Any student attending NYU who needs an accommodation due to a chronic, psychological, visual, mobility and/or learning disability, or is Deaf or Hard of Hearing should register with the Moses Center for Students with Disabilities located at 726 Broadway, phone: 212. 998. 4980, or website address: www. nyu. edu/csd. * Please refrain from all cell ph one use during class. * Please clean up after any food or drink. * Dress appropriately for the classes * Academic Integrity: Please be familiar with NYU Steinhardt policies: http://steinhardt. nyu. edu/policies/academic_integrity. How to cite Syllabus for African Dance, Papers

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Sister Essay free essay sample

How does one truly realize how much someone has impacted their lives, when the majority of the things you get from them transfer themselves subconsciously? I will never know the true extent of how my sisters have influenced me, over the course of my life, because all the growing and maturing they have helped me do has become my first nature. But, there are more than a few things I can look at and immediately see their hand in, especially my oldest sister, Rachel.While my sister Hannah has always been closer to me than anyone else could hope to be, Rachel has a profound way of understanding me, and communicating with me on a more intensive level. Over the past year, my sister Rachel and I have been spending much more time together, building our hierarchal relationship, based on her 20 year experience that overpowers my 16 year one. I will never cease to be amazed how much a short four years has given her, that I dont have yet, and I will never cease to be excited that so much experience can be instilled In me. We will write a custom essay sample on Sister Essay or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page My family shares a deep love for one another, that we would give our lives for each other in a heartbeat, but with Rachel that love is a present fact, that we both feel the reality of, dally. It will always precede any quarrels or shortcomings we have. Rachel Is a nanny. She hasnt gone to college for more than a year, and maintains that she left high school with a botched education. Unfortunately, I know that her view on her academic potential Is what Is truly disfigured. But, despite that, she has an Insatiable hunger for knowledge.She aught herself some basics of the German language, when she listened to a German band that she loved. Shes taught herself to professionally style and color hair, and she manages the life of the family that she works for. She Is more than capable In a plethora of ways. She Is also one of the most effusive people I know, something of a hot-head. Its something I love her for, something that drives me Insane. Her more combustible mannerisms are things she would never let me be guilty of, and It Is a double standard that, though It Is sometimes Irksome and unfair, I am grateful for.The fact that my sisters never let me return the attitudes and erratic behavior that they had displayed has given me what I feel Is an unparalleled tolerance to being treated less than fairly, and an ability to contain myself In emotionally trying circumstances. I know that the true depth of my sisters Impacts on me go unnoticed, but I can feel the strong foundation I have built for myself as a maturing human being that I have built with them as pillars of security. They will never know how much I rely on them, emotionally and mentally, to keep me sane, and I can only hope he reciprocal Is true.But, looking back, and looking forward, there can be no one that has had a greater Influence on my life than my family, and more specifically, the consciousn ess of two women with the same genetic fabric as my own, my beautiful sisters. Sister Essay By hurt much experience can be instilled in me. My family shares a deep love for one that love is a present fact, that we both feel the reality of, daily. It will always precede any quarrels or shortcomings we have. Rachel is a nanny. She hasnt gone to college education.Unfortunately, I know that her view on her academic potential is what is truly disfigured. But, despite that, she has an insatiable hunger for knowledge. She she manages the life of the family that she works for. She is more than capable in a plethora of ways. She is also one of the most effusive people I know, something of a hot-head. Its something I love her for, something that drives me insane. Her more combustible mannerisms are things she would never let me be guilty of, and it is a double standard that, though it is sometimes irksome and unfair, I am grateful for. Eye had displayed has given me what I feel is an unparalleled tolerance to being treated less than fairly, and an ability to contain myself in emotionally trying circumstances. I know that the true depth of my sisters impacts on me go unnoticed, but I can feel the strong foundation I have built for myself as a maturing human being that I have built with them as pillars of security. They will never know how the reciprocal is true. But, looking back, and looking forward, there can be no one that has had a greater influence on my life than my family, and more specifically,

Thursday, March 19, 2020

The Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions Essay Example

The Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions Essay Example The Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions Paper The Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions Paper all of her assets or now her husbands. However, as for today, women still can keep their riches and also lawfully own a part of their husbands. Now, if the marriage were to lead to divorce except on few occasions, everything Is split equally between women and men. In Stations piece she manipulates the actual declaration of independence from that time period and makes it into her own. She wrote what she thought that it should say and if you looked at our current declaration, it is practically identical. Stanton writes, Me hold these truths to be self evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of peppiness;.. (Stanton 358) At the time Stanton wrote this piece we were not completely equal. However, now we do have those rights equal to men, and our current declaration of independence has almost the exact line that Stanton writes in her piece, Even though most legal documents tend to be more logos than anything, Stanton approaches the matter in a more ethical way that shows the audience what is truly morally correct. She uses this technique of approaching the readers in this way several times in her work. Poor example; Stanton writes, He has Ethel from her rights which are given to the most, ignorant and degraded men- both natives and foreigners. (Stagnating) She uses this technique to appeal to the emotions of the readers so that they see what is truly wrong in how the women are getting treated. Unlike are current political documents, she uses ethical issues such as men that are not even a part of her country are getting more rights than she is. Also Stanton later Mites, He has denied her the facilities for obtaining a thorough education, all colleges being closed against her. Stanton 360) Stanton acknowledges the fact that they have freedom and should be treated equally, yet they are not getting the same chances and opportunities men had received. When approaching the audience is the ethical way that she does it effects the readers in a much stronger way. If Stanton had not shown the moral issues rather than just the logic issues oven might not have the same rights they have today. The reason for that is simply because without seeing the morally wrong parts of the subject, history will continue because the logic Of the issue shows that everything is working just fine. The present laws and principles do not reflect as many ethical issues now as Stations, simply because What used to be ethical when Stanton had wrote her piece, became logical over time since it is natural and it is what everyone has became accustomed to. Stanton clearly states in her writing several times how the women at her point in time do not have a voice in many ways and are unknown yet this is her country too and not just men, One clear example is when Stanton states, He has compelled her to submit to laws, in the formation of which she had no ice. (Stanton 359) Stanton uses countless examples about women not having a voice in what they say or do and that was supposed to be called their freedom. In todays present rights it has became closer to the equality between women and men. In the fact that women have the same rights as men and the freedoms men have are the same freedoms women now have, Stanton also writes, As a teacher of theology, medicine, or law, she is not known. (Stanton 360) Once again Stanton is just giving another example of women not getting to have a ice, when she believes that they should get have the same freedoms as men. In conclusion to the differences between the now and then is actually quite repetitive and reflective. The current rights women acquire, possibly would not be What they are today if it were not for the opinions and ideas Of Stanton manipulating the thoughts of the country. What Stanton said in her piece versus to the present rights women hue show many differences as far as putting them into action. However, the ideas that Stanton had hoped for are not far from the current principles for women we have and follow.

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Zombie Spice and Drakulas Blood The Halloween Happening [Interview]

Zombie Spice and Drakulas Blood The Halloween Happening [Interview] Halloween is coming! This year we decided to break the rules of usual Halloween posts and make them in the more interesting format. We want to find out how different people from different universities, even countries, celebrate Halloween. And the best way to find it out is to ask them share their stories. Today the interviewee is Katy Gilroy, a 19-year-old student from University of Chester, UK. She studies Journalism and Creative Writing. Apart from studying, she also has her personal blog, writes and publishes poetry and is a massive fan of Shakespeare. We decided to start from the most general question to find out Katys attitude to Halloween: How do you feel about Halloween and everything related to it? I love Halloween! I think its one of those occasions that everyone can get involved the way they want to, and it brings people together in such a fun way. Even if its something as simple as having a bowl of sweets next to your front door, theres an aspect of Halloween for everyone. Right! Its good to hear that a person from UK loves Halloween, which is considered primarily US holiday. How is Halloween observed in Britain? I do think Halloween is a more American tradition; it is celebrated a lot more over there than it is here in Britain. For example, in US I know people have decorations up right the way through November, whereas in Britain we tend not to put our pumpkins out until a few day before Halloween itself. So you do celebrate Halloween. Could you tell more about your Halloween traditions? Which of them do you find interesting? I think one of the best traditions is trick or treating. When I was younger, my mum would take my brother and I out along with a few friends, all of us dressed in weird and wonderful costumes anything from a princess to a kitten to a pirate, but nothing too terrifying! I loved shouting TRICK OR TREAT at whoever answered the door and seeing them pretend to jump back in horror. Now that Im older I love answering the door and seeing how excited all the kids are. Thats lovely! Youve mentioned weird costumes you had on Halloween celebrations. Which costume was you favourite? Ive dressed up for Halloween almost every year as far as I can remember, and Ive had such a huge range of costumes. Two of my favourites have been dressing as a dead school girl, and as a zombie princess. Theyre simple ideas but with a bit of imagination you can make anything look really extravagant. Now, that you are not a school girl any more, what costume would you like to wear for Halloween party and why? Id love to find a group of friends and dress up as a zombified version of the Spice Girls! Id be Baby Spice because Im blonde. Zombie Spice Girl is an awesome costume idea! You should definitely try that. Now lets move from dressing up to the actual celebration. Can you think of some fun Halloween parties youve been to? When I was younger my aunty and uncle used to have a party to celebrate both Halloween and Bonfire Night we called it Bonoween. There was always fancy dress, fireworks and food so much food. Last year at my university house we had a big Halloween party with all of our friends. There was 18 of us living there, and we each invited a few people. Our house was full of students dressed in really amazing outfits (one of my friends came dressed as Elmo!), all having fun and mingling with people they wouldnt otherwise have met. Speaking about parties.You definitely have organizing skills, as youve organized charity music festival. So, imagine that you have to organize Halloween party for your friends and fellow students. What would you like it to be like? If I was to organise my own Halloween party, Id make it a massive occasion and call it The Halloween Happening. Ideally I would hire out a venue, and cover it in fake cobwebs, paint splatters on the wall to resemble blood, and pumpkins EVERYWHERE. I think I would want to make it a party that both children and adults could enjoy, so that nobody would have to find a baby sitter or miss out on the fun. There would definitely be loads of Halloween themed food: cupcakes decorated to look like eyeballs, green jelly to look like toxic goo, and red punch to look like Draculas blood! There would definitely be no fancy dress no entry rule, and a prize for the scariest costume. Great! I am sure that would be a party of the year. So, costumes - check, party - checkwhat else is associated with Halloween? As for me, several things I associate with Halloween are: pumpkins, trick or treating, fake blood, toffee apples and witches. Pretty spooky combination (especially those of blood and toffee apples). But Halloween is meant to be a spooky fest. Lets add some more horror with your favourite films or horror stories. I absolutely love horror films, and one of my favourites is The Possession, in which a little girl becomes possessed by a demon from inside a wooden box. I also really enjoyed The Hills Run Red, which not many people have heard of! Despite being a book worm, Ive not read any books within the horror genre unless you count Frankenstein, which is a wonderful classic story. And the last question Do you think Eat, drink and be scary is the main idea of Halloween? Or should it be anything else behind the celebration? I think eat, drink and be scary is a perfect way to sum up Halloween; I dont think there is or should be any deeper reason behind the celebrations. If people are having fun and not causing any harm to anyone else then what could be wrong? Thanks for sharing your amazing Halloween story with our readers, Katy! Hopefully, you will have the unforgettable Halloween celebration this year! We wish you to keep inspiring people around with your creative ideas and radiance. Have any questions for Katy? Or want to share your unique Halloween story? Feel free to leave your message in the comments below. Also, read the interview The Secret Life of a Real Halloweener with our next guest, Jonathan Wojcik.

Sunday, February 16, 2020

Children's Communicable Diseases Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Children's Communicable Diseases - Assignment Example Most parents dread vaccinating their children because they believe that the vaccines used are not safe for their children. They strongly believe that the vaccines used cause autism as well as other neurological disorders, thus exposing their children to health risk in the future. In order to reconcile parents rights to make health decisions for their children with the states responsibility to protect its citizens, the state and federal governments should enact a law that compels parents to vaccinate all their children. The state is charged with the responsibility of making sure that all its citizens are safe. As such, federal government should make childhood vaccination a mandatory process for all children (Bradley, Bradley & Burls, 2012). The safety of children and all other citizens overrides parent’s right to make health decisions for their children, particularly when it is in the wrong way. Besides, states and federal government should promote public awareness through massive and robust public education about vaccines and the importance of vaccination. This can help dispel misguided belief that vaccines skeptics propagate through media and other social platforms. Public health professionals also argue that childhood vaccination is a life-and-death issue that needs to be made